There are a variety of evidence-based approaches to treating substance use disorders.  But there is no treatment that will fit every patient. It is important to balance the needs of the individual patient with the available options. This slide deck discusses non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments for addiction and highlights new and innovative methods, such as digital telemedicine services and virtual reality.

This slide deck has been developed by Professor Celia Morgan, University of Exeter and Professor David Nutt, Imperial College, in collaboration with Cambridge Medical – A Prime Global agency.

Index for
slide deck

Introduction

Treatment and intervention principles
Treatment and intervention principles
file_download Download slide in HQ

Introduction to treatment

Introduction to treatment
Introduction to treatment
file_download Download slide in HQ
Overview of approaches to treating addiction
Overview of approaches to treating addiction

Historically, approaches to illicit substances have encompassed a spectrum ranging from open use to prohibition.3 The 20th century is full of examples of national, and international, attempts to control the use and trade of substances of abuse, including opium and alcohol…

file_download Download slide in HQ
NIDA principles of effective treatment
NIDA principles of effective treatment

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) research-based guide, there are 13 principles that guide effective drug treatment, detailed on the slide.2 Generated by consensus among experts, the principles have an empirical basis, from randomised controlled tri…

file_download Download slide in HQ
Components of comprehensive drug abuse treatment
Components of comprehensive drug abuse treatment

Addiction is typically a long-term illness, often involving relapse; therefore, treatment should not be seen as a single event, but rather a process of intervention and monitoring – highlighting the importance of treatment retention.1 Whatever form it may take, treatment …

file_download Download slide in HQ

Non-pharmacological therapies – psychotherapies and other interventions

Non-pharmacological therapies – psychotherapies and other interventions
Non-pharmacological therapies – psychotherapies and other interventions
file_download Download slide in HQ
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

A brief outline of the theoretical underpinning of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is given on the slide.1 Practitioners of CBT recognise that, behind the substance-use and dependence phenotypes, lie a complex set of biological, genetic, environmental, and interperson…

file_download Download slide in HQ
Other psychotherapies for substance-use disorders
Other psychotherapies for substance-use disorders

Many different therapies have been studied in the treatment of substance-use disorders, with varying degrees of supporting evidence. 7 A wide-ranging network meta-analysis compared various psychosocial interventions for individuals with cocaine and amphetamine addiction a…

file_download Download slide in HQ
Non-pharmacological therapies for addictive disorders
Non-pharmacological therapies for addictive disorders

This meta-analysis used data from 34 studies of non-pharmacological therapies for addictive disorders, including 2,340 patients – 5 studies of cannabis use, 9 for cocaine, 7 for opiate, and 13 for polysubstance use.1 As shown on the slide, the results generally suggested …

file_download Download slide in HQ
Brief interventions
Brief interventions

There is some good evidence for the effectiveness of brief interventions for alcohol-use disorder in general care as well as in emergency settings.2,5,6

The Finnish study outlined on the slide was part of a multi-component collaborative community action project of the Wor…

file_download Download slide in HQ
Motivational interviewing
Motivational interviewing

Motivational interviewing can be effective for reducing substance use across a range of addictions and substance-use disorders.1,3,4 Furthermore, motivational interviewing has become widely used for tackling substance use in adolescents, although with relatively small tre…

file_download Download slide in HQ
The 12-step programme
The 12-step programme

Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in 1935, in the United States of America, when one of the founding members (Dr. Robert Smith) resolved to abstain from alcohol, and another of the founding members (William G. Wilson) wrote a book about the experiences of abstaining.5 The …

file_download Download slide in HQ

Related content

image Image
Parkinson’s Disease and Braak stages

The Braak staging scheme is a valuable model for conceptualizing PD progression and categorizes PD into stages of neuropathological changes.

11.04.2024 Parkinson’s Disease
Unmet Medical Needs in Bipolar Disorder and The Role of Clinicians in Addressing Them play_circle Video play_circle
Unmet Medical Needs in Bipolar Disorder and The Role of Clinicians in Addressing Them

Professor Christoph Correll discusses the complexities of bipolar disorder, shedding light on the real-world challenges in treatment, the critical role of clinicians, and the necessity of patient-centric approaches in psychiatry.

06.03.2024 Mental Health
The Heterogeneity of Bipolar Disorder: From Clinical Observations to Precision Psychiatry play_circle Video play_circle
The Heterogeneity of Bipolar Disorder: From Clinical Observations to Precision Psychiatry

Bipolar disorder is a chronic and highly debilitating mental disorder characterized by recurrent mood episodes. A major challenge is its heterogeneous clinical presentation with diverse comorbidities and symptomatology.

06.03.2024 Mental Health