This slide deck has been developed by Professor David Nutt, Imperial College London, in collaboration with Cambridge Medical – A prime Global agency.

Substance use and addiction contribute to the global burden of disease. This deck discusses details on the prevalence and incidence of substance use disorders, global variance, disability-adjusted life years and risk factors for addiction.

Index for
slide deck

Epidemiology and burden

Epidemiology and burden
Epidemiology and burden
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Prevalence and incidence of drug use and addiction disorders

Prevalence and incidence of drug use and addiction disorders
Prevalence and incidence of drug use and addiction disorders
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Estimated global prevalence of addictions
Estimated global prevalence of addictions

This systematic review searched for prevalence data for 11 different addictive behaviours, and aimed to include studies of at least 500 participants.[1] Further limits were that wherever possible data should include only participants aged 16–65 years, of both sexes, and w…

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Prevalence of tobacco use
Prevalence of tobacco use

In 2019, approximately 1.14 billion people across the world smoked tobacco regularly, with an approximate 8 million deaths estimated attributable to this smoking.[1] The 2019 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Tobacco Collaborators highlight the importance of the findings of …

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Prevalence of alcohol use and alcohol-use disorder
Prevalence of alcohol use and alcohol-use disorder

Evidence from the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental Health Surveys – 29 surveys carried out in 27 countries or country regions between 2001 and 2015 – suggests that alcohol use and AUD are highly prevalent worldwide.[1] Analyses of the 2016 GBD study showed that alco…

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Total alcohol per capita consumption 2016 – males aged ≥15
Total alcohol per capita consumption 2016 – males aged ≥15

The slide shows the global variations in alcohol consumption among males aged ≥15 years old.

References used on slide:
GBD 2016 Alcohol Collaborators. Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disea…

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Total alcohol per capita consumption 2016 – females aged ≥15
Total alcohol per capita consumption 2016 – females aged ≥15

The slide shows the global variations in alcohol consumption among females aged ≥15 years old.

References used on slide:
GBD 2016 Alcohol Collaborators. Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Dis…

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Prevalence of substance use
Prevalence of substance use

The European Union Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction maintains datasets estimating substance use, using a variety of methods including survey data and wastewater monitoring.[1] Whilst illicit substance use varies from country to country, across the whole of E…

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Prevalence of substance-use disorders and drug dependence
Prevalence of substance-use disorders and drug dependence

Although alcohol-use disorder is the most common substance-use disorder worldwide, other substance-use disorders are also highly prevalent.[1,2] Data from the GBD surveys show that cannabis dependence and opioid dependence were the most common worldwide, whilst amphetamin…

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Prevalence of substance-use disorders – DSM-5 criteria
Prevalence of substance-use disorders – DSM-5 criteria

In 2012 and 2013, the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions – III conducted 36,309 in-person interviews with adults across the US.[1] The resulting data were used to estimate rates of substance-use disorder, specifically according to the DSM-5 cr…

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Prevalence of behavioural addictions
Prevalence of behavioural addictions

As outlined on the slide, meta-analyses of internet, gaming, and social media addiction have estimated that the prevalence of these addictions ranges from 2.5–7% of the population.[1,2] Most national surveys conclude that the majority of the population have at some point …

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